Hyperpigmentation is a term that, when first heard, can sound like a severe medical condition. This couldn't be farther from the truth. The pigment is the color of the skin, and hyperpigmentation therefore only refers to the darkening of your skin rather than staying at its natural color. Hyperpigmentation can occur at any time, in any part of your body, and can range from mild to a more concerning indicator of underlying health issues. Hyperpigmentation can be small patches, or even cover your entire body.
In this article, we'll go over some of the best-at-home remedies that you can apply to your body to reduce or eliminate hyperpigmentation, including lotions and scrubs. But first, we'll go over the difference between hyperpigmentation spots and freckles.
- Hyperpigmentation vs Freckles
- Best Body Lotion For Hyperpigmentation
- Best Body Scrub For Hyperpigmentation
Freckles do not differ from hyperpigmentation, but rather are a form of hyperpigmentation.
Perhaps the most concerning question, when faced with hyperpigmentation, is to first ask yourself: Is this a medical emergency? While most versions of hyperpigmentation that occur in small patches on the skin are of no other concern other than cosmetic appearance, they sometimes may signal an underlying issue that warrants the attention of a medical professional. Here are the three most common types of hyperpigmentation:
1. Hyperpigmentation as a result of injury: acne, scarring, and other injuries and impurities of the skin can cause the dermal layers to darken once the issue is resolved, whether professionally or not. Hyperpigmentation can also occur as a result of an allergic reaction, swelling, and other inflammatory conditions that affect your skin.
2. Melasma: Melasma is a condition that causes the skin to darken drastically. Melasma is mostly caused as a result of hormonal changes in the body, although doctors and scientists are still stumped as to narrowing down the exact cause of it happening. Melasma can come and go on its own, and may even return if treated. Melasma is much more common in darker-skinned individuals. It is also more obvious in women than in men, and especially common during pregnancy or extended birth control usage. Melasma is usually benign, but speaking to a doctor or dermatologist is recommended.
3. Liver spots: Liver spots, (or sunspots as they are commonly called) are a form of hyperpigmentation that darkens your skin as a direct result of prolonged exposure to the sun or damage caused by free radicals within the environment. Those with fairer or more sensitive skin are usually more at risk for this kind of hyperpigmentation. Although this is usually of no concern, frequent UV exposure without proper sunblock can cause certain skin tumors or cancers and should be confirmed by a healthcare professional.
Freckles do not differ from hyperpigmentation, but rather are a form of hyperpigmentation. Freckles come in two different variations:
Ephelides: freckles that form as a result of sun, UV, and free radical exposure where the skin is not protected. The fairer skin, the easier it is for the sun to produce hyperpigmentation on the skin. This is why freckles are usually more common in extremely fair-skinned Caucasians and certain Asian nationalities. These types of freckles can occur at any time and are usually fine or small spots on the skin where exposed.
Solar lentigines are also called sunspots, aging spots, or liver spots. This was mentioned in the section on hyperpigmentation and includes larger patches of exposed skin subject to hyperpigmentation. This usually occurs in fair-skinned Caucasians and Asians that are over forty years of age.
When looking for a great skin lotion that both prevents and reduces the appearance of already unwanted darkened skin, there are three main ingredients to look for: Vitamin C, ferulic acid, and turmeric. The Medix 5.5 Cream Lotion contains all three ingredients and is extremely budget-friendly. Vitamin C is equated with immunity support, and this is not any different for your skin health. Ferulic acid helps to reduce sun and free radical damage, while turmeric helps to moisturize your skin and revitalize wrinkles and aging spots. This cream is vegan, cruelty-free, paraben-free, and alcohol-free. Other ingredients include shea butter, apple, and aloe vera.
The pureSCRUBS Dead Sea Salt Body Scrub is one of the highest-rated products of its kind on the market. Not only does it help to treat hyperpigmentation, but it is one of the best natural compounds that is used to exfoliate dead skin cells and replenish the natural vigor of your dermal layers. Mineral-rich dead sea salt, organic essential oils, nutrient-dense ingredients, and softening oils and butter help you exfoliate, cleanse, nourish and moisturize your skin. The product also contains three items to help with your skincare routine: a bamboo spoon that helps you lift out the scrub without any mess, an exfoliating soft loofah to buff and scrub dead skin, and an organic oatmeal soap bar that naturally cleanses your skin with oats, Shea butter, and honey.
How do you treat hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation comes in different forms and can be treated in many ways. For benign hyperpigmentation that has not receded, you can conceal or apply a face mask to increase the chances of reduction of your dark spots.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is caused in three main ways; hormonal, sun exposure, or as a result of scars. Hormonal hyperpigmentation is called Melasma, and hyperpigmentation as a result of sun damage is called by different names: sunspots, liver spots, aging spots, and certain degrees of freckles. Hyperpigmentation as a result of scars can come from acne, injury, swelling, and inflammation, but does not have a specific name associated with this term.
Can hyperpigmentation go away naturally?
Yes. Melasma can go away by itself as a result of stabilizing the hormonal output of the body but may linger on the skin. Sun damage and acne scars can naturally be reformed by the body if you further protect yourself from injury, including wearing sunblock and moisturizing your skin. There are many natural and vegan-friendly products as well that can be added to your skincare routine to further promote cell turnover and prevent future damage.